Nowadays, conducting scientific research seems to be much easier than ever before. Indeed, every student feels more powerful and organized with the help of the Internet. Yet, along with a huge amount of answers to all possible questions, the Internet entails many extra problems.
How to search for appropriate resources? Which website to believe? How to check the veracity of information? In this article, we’ve tried to address the issue of information overload. Here, we discuss how to remain calm even when drowning in the endless ocean of information. You will find out where to look for reliable sources and how to use them to your advantage.
When writing a scientific paper, you can not use the first Internet site you come across or an article from a magazine. Selecting all the necessary materials is one of the most important stages in the whole research process. To make the right choice of scientific publications, follow these recommendations.
Many students leave the reference composition until the very last moment. They tend to consider it the least important task. Even so, the list of references is one of the most significant indicators of the quality of a scientific paper. It is indeed what makes your work valuable.
The first step in the process of reference organization is selecting the most weighty sources. You will not be able to list all the materials you’ve managed to read while working on the issue. It is recommendable to filter the information. So, try to focus on the most authoritative publications.
When citing, try to choose references that will add value to your article. Do not just copy the first quote you like and incorporate it in your paper. There must be a reason for providing a reference, for example, an extensive supporting analysis or detailed statistical information.
One of the most controversial issues is using tertiary sources such as Wikipedia. It is important to be careful with the materials found there. Cite them only if there is null information about the peer-reviewed source.
Each research paper reference should have a number to facilitate later citation. Apart from that, the list is formed according to a strict hierarchy. Depending on the requirements of the educational institution, the rules of procedure may vary.
A certain European scientific institute may limit the number of sources that can be referred to in a research paper. Thus, it is crucial to study the journal’s instructions as to the format and structure of the reference list.
The most common sources for any scientific work are legislative materials, official documents, and statistical sources. You can also use sources of personal origin (memoirs, diaries, correspondence) and archival documents. They all can be divided into published and unpublished materials.
Published documents are available for wide distribution. This means they have been revised and published in large numbers. Unpublished ones can be used by a narrower circle of users. These have not undergone editorial processing and have been published in a limited or single copy.
When searching for peer-reviewed material, stick to the following recommendations.
Of course, it is better to use books and encyclopedias, the quality of which is confirmed. Yet, not all Internet sources are bad. Some topics cannot be covered by studying only articles from textbooks. So, there appears a necessity to refer to the World Wide Web.
For example, you can rely on the following resources:
When using a search engine as a way to get the necessary information, do not forget to turn on your internal filter. You should not believe any data posted on blogs and forums unless you find confirmation of its veracity. Moreover, never use articles without confirmed expert authorship. Scientific information posted without specifying the primary sources is never reliable.
To make your research comprehensive and ensure there is no “fluff” in the article, refer to professional opinions. You can find these in scientific journals. They are either multidisciplinary or focus on specialized topics.
Among the most popular multidisciplinary publications is the European Journal of Scientific Research, the East European Scientific Journal. To prove the reliability of the mentioned sources, we refer to the Global Impact Factor report. It states that in 2015, the European Scientific Journal impact factor reached an overall figure of 0,654.
Top science journals are most often divided by subjects to ease the search process. Here is a brief list of some of them.
Every academic paper should be unique and decent. To make your work outstanding, you will need some creativity combined with scrupulousness and literacy. But when it comes to conducting scientific research, having a rich imagination is enough for writing. It is necessary to compile a list of materials for further reference. Thus, students often feel confused by a huge variety of sources they need to go through.
Reading books and encyclopedias is good, but remember about the freshness of information. Internet sources are acceptable, but try to avoid dealing with unconfirmed facts and unknown authors. The best strategy is to refer to peer-reviewed scientific journals. They always contain up-to-date and verified data.
Writing a reference list can turn out to be another challenge. Numbers, pages, quotes – it’s easy to get confused? Following professional advice will be helpful in this super complicated task. Stick to the established rules, and you will manage to do everything properly.
We hope that by reading this article, you have mastered the basic knowledge of how to search relevant materials and compose reference lists. The main thing is not to succumb to fears and doubts. Remember to believe in yourself. This will be your first step towards conducting the greatest student scientific research!
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